Plaça de Sant Felip Neri is a unique place of Barcelona, named after the baroque church that dominates. It is the Gothic Quarter, Old Town, and more specifically in the neighborhood of the Jewish and St. Philip Neri. The square is erected on the old medieval cemetery of Montjuïc del Bisbe, destroyed during the Civil War. You can access the first taking place on the streets of San Felipe Neri and then Calle Sant Sever. The church of San Felipe Neri has annexed the house of the Congregation of the Oratory, which can also be accessed from the same place. Plaça de Sant Felip Neri is surrounded by Renaissance houses. It is also the site of the old houses of guilds Boilermakers and Shoemakers, the latter the Museum of footwear. At the center of the square a water source overflows with octagonal base.
On the wall of the church of St. Philip Neri can still see the remnants of shrapnel from a bomb thrown by the aircraft of the national side during the Spanish Civil War. It was on 30 January 1938 when the device exploded near where the place and caused forty-two fatalities, most of them children who had gone to take refuge in the basement of the church and died due to the explosion. In addition to the dead, were also totally destroyed houses adjacent to the square.
The municipal architect, Adolf Florensa i Ferrer, was in charge of the reconstruction project and decided to recreate a place; also decided to adapt two Renaissance facades of two buildings that had not been refurbished to create two entrances to the square from the Cathedral Avenue and from Via Laietana. Finally, we searched the front of the entrance of Calle San Felipe Neri using elements of ancient buildings