The model of transfer of use is very widespread in countries such as Denmark or Uruguay. Andel and FUCVAM models put into practice the model of cooperative housing under the cession of use, in which the ownership of the property is collective and always falls on the cooperative. The inhabitants have the status of partners of the cooperative and can live for life. Decision-making goes through the general assembly, its main sovereign body. The blocking of the possibility of speculation is the main virtue of the model: the partner can not sell or rent the apartment for a higher price than the stipulated collectively. Therefore, the house in transfer of use also implies a commitment to the value of use instead of a good of consumption or exchange value, as it has always been in our closest context. In this way, the reinvention of the right to housing finds new forms of access and community management.
On November 30, 2015, a surface area was created by the City Council of Barcelona, in favor of La Borda Housing, of a plot located on Carrer Constitució, one of the boundaries of Can Batlló, on a qualified ground As Housing with Official Protection (HPO). This right, of 75 years of duration, supposes the payment of an annual fee.
The rating of HPO in the general regime supposes maximum lapses of rent for the units of conviction potentially cessionary of the right of use of a home promoted by the cooperative. It also establishes a maximum amount of use associated with housing, so that they can be assumed by the popular sectors, one of the central objectives of the cooperative.
Self-promotion and subsequent collective management implies that the participation of future users in the process (design, construction and use) is the most important and differential variable of the project, generating an opportunity to know and project with them and your specific needs. In these pre-design phases, participation is articulated through the different work commissions and the general assembly.
It has a technical support team that dynamizes and collects the proposals regarding imaginary, program, environmental and project strategies or the types of houses and spaces.
Key project ideas
• Participation design, construction and use
• sustainability / community life
• popular / run architecture
• adaptability / open building infrastructure
• gender perspective
The building's program raises 28 homes of three different types (40, 50 and 76 m2 on average) and a whole series of common and community spaces, which should enhance community life through transitions between the private space and the public. They all articulate around a central courtyard, a great relationship space that refers to "corralas", a type of social and popular housing. The houses are distributed in the various floors of the building, looking for a mix of units of coexistence consisting of one, two, three or more people. All the houses have a basic structure (50 m2) to which one or two modules are added to generate the greatest types.
This modular structure will allow, in the future, to vary some homes depending on the needs of the living units that are living there.
Strategies and actions foreseen for sustainability
Collectivization of some uses (laundry, bathtub, guest space, kitchens for large meals ...).
Increase efficiency - efficient equipment.
Take advantage of local resources and recycling.
Use and management of the building and facilities.
Centralized and intelligent management services and consumptions.
Optimization of the constructive solutions (less quantity for the same service), use of recycled / recyclable materials and of biospheric origin and reuse of waste.
Use of industrialized elements, study and detailed waste management plan, selective separation in the work of a minimum of 7 fractions and careful follow-up.